June 2019 Edition

 International Journal of Academic Scientific Research

 ISSN: 2272-6446 Volume 7, Issue 2 May – June 2019

All listed papers are published after full consent of respective author or co-author(s).

For any discussion on research subject or research matter, the reader should directly contact to undersigned authors.


Correlation between Umbilical Cord pH, Apgar Score and Pregnancy Outcome in High-Risk Pregnancy

Kady Fares, Hammoud Abdul Mehdi, Balid Mohammad Imad



Objective: To study the role of pH value of umbilical artery blood in predicting neonatal well-being and its correlation Apgar score in high risk pregnancy. Methods: A total of 107 singleton high risk pregnancies were studied, the pH value of umbilical artery blood was measured immediately after birth. The Apgar score was performed 1 minute and 5 minutes after birth. Other data like gestational age, need for resuscitation and admission to the newborn ward or Neonatal Intensive Care Unit was gathered by a questionnaire. P-value less than 0.05 was considered being significant. Results: pH value of umbilical artery blood was positively correlated to 1 min Apgar scores (r=0.62; p<0.01. According to Wilk’s – Lambda, the pH value of umbilical artery blood was predicting significantly the need for resuscitation and admission to the newborn ward or Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (and () respectively. Conclusions: Umbilical pH value correlates with 1st min Apgar score and can predict pregnancy outcomes, and is useful tool in the assessment of neonatal asphyxia.

Keywords: Umbilical Cord, Apgar score, pregnancy outcome, neonatal asphyxia

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Risk Factors of Nasal Vestibulitis in Madinah, Saudi Arabia

Majed KURDI and Jamil H SAMMAN


Introduction: Nasal Vestibulitis is a diffuse dermatitis of nasal vestibule, due to the importance of this area called “danger area” which can lead to intra cranial spread of infection. The usual causation of organism is Staph Aureus. However, there were limited papers who studied the risk factors associated to nasal ventibulitis. Aim: The aim of this study is to know which risk factor contributes to nasal vestibulitis and in which percentage in order to decrease the risk of getting Nasal vestibule infection. Methods: We collected 20 patients diagnosed with nasal vestibulitis. Data were gathered in two parts such as; first part was the baseline data that includes age, gender, patients’ chronic diseases, history of immune deficiency, treatment and outcome. Second part was about the characteristics of patients regarding nasal complication that includes behavior of patients toward plucking of nose, blowing of nose, respiratory tract infection mid face dermatitis and blisters of face and nose and abscess in the nose. Results: Out of 20 patients, 17 of them were males and 3 were females. Age range was from 6 – 61 (mean 29.6 ± 17.4). Diabetes and Iron deficiencies were the associated chronic diseases of 5 patients. There were 5 cases that plucked hair of nose before nasal infection with a single case with an incidence of nose piercing (female) and also a single case of respiratory tract infection. Moreover, we observed 7 patients with constantly blowing of nose, another 4 cases of a mid-face dermatitis after nasal cavity while 3 cases suffered blisters on the face and nose and majority of them (12 cases) revealed to have an abscess in the nose after nasal cavity infection. Conclusion: The most common risk factor concomitant to nasal vestibulitis was blowing of the nose and the abscess in the nose. On the other hand, this study identified diabetes and iron deficiency as the chronic diseases being associated with nasal vestibulitis.


Keywords: Risk factors, Nasal Vestibulitis, Nasal Infection, Nose, Chronic disease


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Swap Obfuscation Technique for Preserving Privacy of LBS

Yazed Alsaawy, Ahmad B.Alkhodre, Adnan Ahmed Abi Sen, Muhammad Shoaib Siddiqui

ABSTRACT: Smart cities rely on Internet of Things (IoT) enabling technologies for ubiquitous implementations, such as, Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN), which are used to sense the environment and RFIDs, which provide object tracking of resources and assets based on identity and Global Positioning System (GPS) for localization and positioning. In smart cities, most of the health and transportation services rely on the Location Based Service (LBS), in addition to different computing models, such as, cloud and fog to work on huge amount of data collected throughout the smart city at every moment. Smart cities must enable their services anywhere and anytime to provide smarter services and with user adaptation. However, privacy has emerged as another serious challenge in addition to security as a consequence of these ‘user-centric’ and ‘always connected’ services. This paper discusses the problems of privacy and introduces a new privacy protection policy called Exchange of Confused Areas. Through simulation and testing, this research demonstrates its superiority over most of the previous approaches by providing a higher level of privacy, non-reliance on a trusted party, and improved performance.

Keywords:  Privacy, IOT, smart cities

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Evaluation of the Hydrogeological Situation of the Groundwater Aquifer Caused by Creating Urget Wells in Aleppo City

Wlid Haj Hamdi, Hassan Jibrini, Ahlam Aslan


ABSTRACT: During the years of the war, Aleppo suffered frequent water cuts from the main sources coming from Al Khafsa pumping station on the bank of AL-Assad Lake. This led the Ministry of Water Resources to work to find urgent solutions to secure  water for citizens by digging 150 emergency wells as a first step in the western parts of the city of Aleppo, and after the Syrian Arab Army regained the eastern parts of the city, the Ministry of Water Resources has been drilling 51 additional wells to be enetered within an emergency plan.

In this research, we located and linked the wells with the city’s organizational chart using GPS. The hydrogeological situation of the well drlling area was also studied through the creation of hydrogeological sections of these wells using the Rockworks 17 software depending on GIS.

We collected and documnted all data related to the wells invested in the study area based on the records of the pumping experiments for each well. We continued taking the periodic measurements and readings of the water levels in the wells studied from the middle of 2016 till now. Hydrographs of the groundwater tables were prepared for wells with continuous monthly measurements.

We are resuming the collection and documentation of all data related to wells that were later drilled in the esatern parts of Aleppo to be studied with wells in the eastern areas of the city. Using the equivalent well theory, which is an application of the principle of collection of effects, we can claculate the percentage of the effect of the group of wells in the study area by calculating the effect of the equivalent well.

There are some wells that penetrate more than water aquifer. This is due to the fact that the studied area cxonsists of more than one hydrogeological formation containing two levels of water or more. In-depth description of the hydrogeological chrcaterization, determination of the terminal conditions of the study area, the geometrical  dimensions of the studied water carriers and their hyrdaulic properties, we have been able to conecive some of the possible changes to them as a result of the investment.

In this pahse of research, we have reached some conclusions that will enable us in modulating the aquifer, which can help in the development of the safe investment system and the possibility of predicting the depletion of aquifers within the city due  to severe pumping of water from these wells.

Keywords: Hydrogeology, wells, safe pumping, aquifer Basin, RockWorks 17

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Correlation between Venous Doppler and Perinatal outcome in High Risk Pregnancies

Alhusain Rawia, Olabi Ashraf, Arslan Mohammed Walhan



Objective: To study the role of venous Doppler in predicting neonatal well-being and its correlation Apgar score in high risk pregnancies. Methods: Atotal of 215 singleton high risk pregnancies were studied after 28 weeks,venous Doppler (ductus venosus and umbilical vein) was performed. The Apgar score was performed 1 minute and 5 minutes after birth. P-value less than 0,05 was considered being significant. Results: Among the 215 infants, 145 (67.44%) were with healthy outcome, 55 (25.58%) were NICU admission and 15 (6.98%) were still birth. Sensitivity and specificity of abnormal Doppler in predicting perinatal outcome is 20 % and 100% respectively.

Keywords: Apgar score, umbilical vein, ductus venosus.

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