September 2015 Edition

IJASR Volume 3- Issue 3, September 2015 Edition 

All listed papers are published after full consent of respective author or co-author(s).
For any discussion on research subject or research matter, the reader should directly contact to undersigned authors.

E-learning in Medical Education in Taibah University: Difference between Male and Female Medical Students

Abdallah Al-Hazmi, Hany M. Abo-Haded


Objective: This study investigates the importance and effectiveness of e-learning and explores the different Internet-use behavior among the undergraduate male and female students of Taibah university, KSA.

Materials and Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted by using a questionnaire for gathering informations about e-learning. 633 students (207 male and 426 female) of medical colleges in Taibah university volunteered to perform the questionnaire.

Results: The results of the study revealed that female students performed the questionnaire better than male; more interested in using the e-learning in their study and more frequently accessing the internet. There was no gender difference was a detected in using Google as search engine. Males use the internet more outdoors while females use it at home. Female have financial problems, internet illiteracy problems while male have problem of information overload. Both genders declared the beneficial effect of e-learning on the process of learning.

Conclusion: this study highlights the importance of e-learning, and advises the usage of e-learning especially among university students, families and the society members.

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Systolic Blood Pressure Among Overweight and Obese Male Students in High schools in Al Madinah Al Munawwarah 2012

Abdulmajeed Al Harbi, Mohammed Al Saadi, Ahmad Al Ahmadi, Ahmad Al Saadi, Majdi Al harbi


Background: Hypertension is a major health problem throughout the world because of its high prevalence and its association with increased risk of cardiovascular diseases. Obesity increases the risk of developing high blood pressure. In fact, blood pressure rises as body weight increases.

Objective: To determine the  prevalence of systolic hypertension among obese  and overweight subjects and its other related risk factors. To determine the prevalence of obesity and overweight among male students in Saudi high schools.

Subjects and methods: A cross-sectional study followed by nested case control was conducted in high schools in Al Madinah Al Munawwarah. we measured age, weight (by electric weighting machine) and height (by classic meter) for all sample(n=182) ,blood pressure (by mercurial sphygmomanometer) and risk factors of hypertension (by questionnaire) (n=56). we considered students with prehypertension and hypertension as study cases, and those normal hypertension as study control to assess the risk factors association with hypertension .

Results: Prevalence rates of body weight to 182 students  were 1.6%, starvation, 26.4% underweight, 40.1 %,normal, 15.9% overweight, 15.9% obesity. The prevalence rates of hypertension for 56 students those were overweight and obese  were  (30.4%) normal blood pressure (53.6%) prehypertension (16%) hypertension. There is a significant relation between body weight and systolic blood pressure that had low p.value as 0.03 and Odd ratio as 3.56, this is indicate trend association.

Conclusion: Hypertension is considerable complication of obesity and overweight. The related risk factors were age, family history, stress, canned food, salt intake, soft drinks, and fast food .

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Effect of Fatty Food on Mood of Children in Saudi Arabia

Bashaier Ahmad, Nehal Anam, Duoaa Abdoh, Hany Abo-Haded


Background: Recent evidence now indicates that poor diet quality is clearly associated with mental health problems in young people. These foods can trigger chemical and physiological changes within the brain that alter child’s behavior. In contrast, kids who eat healthy diet are able to cope with stress and regulate their emotions better, says the American Psychological Association.

Objective: This study investigates how fatty food affect children’s mood in Saudi Arabia.

Material and Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted by using a questionnaire for information gathering about effect of fatty food on children’s mood and behaviors. About 300 women and men in different age group from Saudi Arabia volunteered to answer the questionnaire.

Results: The results of the study revealed that the frequency of junk food consumption is significantly associated with increase the risk of psychiatric and behavioral disturbance among children. In addition, parents have different trials to stop this unhealthy diet behavior and they noticed a positive change in the mood and behavior of their children.

Conclusion: It was found that unhealthy eating behaviors among children particularly daily consumption of junk food may be associated with poorer mental and physical health.

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Patterns of Asthma control therapy and assessment of asthma control in major hospitals of Qassim region

Abdulaziz Faraj Aljohani1, Moeen Zafar Khan2, Ziyad Muawwadh Aljohani3,

Osama Adel Alahmadi3, Samah A. Aljohani4, Alaa Aljohani4


BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Bronchial asthma is one of the most common illnesses in Saudi Arabia. Proper management of the patients prevents exacerbations. Local and international studies indicate that there are frequent errors causing improper management and increased work load on the Emergency departments of the major hospitals. In this study we looked at the prescription patterns for the control of asthma symptoms and the level of asthma control at the outpatient departments in major hospitals of Qassim region, we also assessed the awareness of physicians about Saudi initiative for Asthma (SINA) guidelines.

METHODS: We visited outpatient departments (OPD) of various major hospitals of Qassim region i.e. King Fahad Specialist Hospital (KFSH) Buraidah, King Saud Hospital Unaizah, and Al-Rass general hospital .We interviewed patients who had been diagnosed with bronchial asthma and were prescribed asthma controller therapy and collected data from their prescription slips and case records. We assessed the level of asthma control by using asthma control test as per SINA guidelines. We also circulated questionnaire to the physicians engaged in management of asthma patients, asking for their awareness of SINA guidelines for management of asthma.

RESULTS: The total number of patients was 67 with 46.3% male (n=31) and 53.7% female (n=36). The mean age was 40.61±16.901 years. The distribution of patients was 64.2% (43/67) from King Fahad specialist’s hospital, 17.9% (12/67) from King Saud hospital and 17.9% (12/67) from Alrass general hospital.

The most frequently prescribed therapy was short acting beta 2 agonist inhalation SABA 79.1% (53/67) followed by Long acting beta 2 agonist with high dose corticosteroid inhalation LABA+HICS 73.1% (49/67); inhaled anticholinergic 23.9% (16/67); low dose inhaled corticosteroids 6% (4/67); oral xanthines 6% (4/67) and high dose inhaled corticosteroids 3% (2/67). The asthma control was assessed in 24/67 patients and the mean score was 16.12±3.82 showing partial control. The awareness of SINA guidelines among the physicians was very low 8.3% (1/12).

CONCLUSION: The most common mode of prescription to control asthma symptoms is a combination therapy, with SABA prescribed most frequently followed by LABA+HICS. The control of asthma symptoms is unsatisfactory and there is very low level of awareness among the physicians about the Saudi guidelines for control of asthma. 

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